Download This Baking Substitutions Chart and Keep It in Your Cupboard for Handy Reference.
It’s that time of year.
Just when I think I have it all handled something always comes up missing. The shopping is done and the gifts are wrapped. I’m getting ready to do the last of my baking and find I don’t have enough…insert missing item… I really need to finish the job. This handy baking substitutions chart is just what you need.
If You Are Missing: Then Substitute…
1 tsp baking powder: ¼ tsp baking soda + ½ tsp cream of tartar
1 cup packed brown sugar: 1 cup granulated sugar + ¼ cup molasses
1 egg: 2 Tbsp water + ½ tsp baking powder for cookies/cakes OR ½ banana or ¼ cup applesauce for batter bread or brownies
1 cup butter: 7/8 cup vegetable oil + ½ tsp salt
1 tsp lemon juice: ½ tsp vinegar
1 cup buttermilk: 1 cup plain yogurt
1 cup half & half: 7/8 cup whole milk + 2 Tbsp melted unsalted butter
1 cup honey: ¾ cup sugar + ¼ cup liquid
1 cup corn syrup: 1 cup sugar + ¼ cup liquid
1 tsp cornstarch for thickening: 2 tsp flour
1 cup cream: 1/3 cup butter + 2/3 cup milk
1 oz unsweetened chocolate: 4 Tbsp Cocoa powder + 1 Tbsp butter
1 cup sour cream: 1 cup milk + 1 1/3 Tbsp vinegar
1 cup sugar: ¾ cup honey + ¼ cup flour
1 cup powdered sugar: 1 cup sugar + 1/3 tsp. cornstarch, Blend small batches in a blender until powdered.
1 cup whole milk: ¾ cup evaporated milk + ¼ cup water
1 cup of cake flour: add two tablespoons of cornstarch and fill the rest of the cup with regular, all-purpose flour
1/4 teaspoon of cream of tartar: use half a teaspoon of lemon juice when beating eggs
1 ounce of semi-sweet chocolate: one ounce of unsweetened chocolate and half a teaspoon of granulated sugar
1/4 teaspoon of baking soda: one whole teaspoon of baking powder
Half a cup of bread crumbs: half a cup of ground rolled oats or crushed cereal
One cup of almond meal: one cup of sliced or natural almonds and one tablespoon of granulated sugar mixed together in a blender. Process until finely ground.
300 grams or 1 and 1/3 cups of almond paste: one and 3/4 cups of ground blanched almonds and one and a half cups of powdered sugar plus one large egg white, one teaspoon almond extract, and a quarter teaspoon of salt.
3/4 teaspoon of ammonium bicarbonate: one teaspoon of baking soda
One tablespoon of arrowroot: one tablespoon of cornstarch, rice starch, or potato starch, and two tablespoons of all-purpose flour
One tablespoon of carob powder: one tablespoon of cocoa powder
One ounce of milk chocolate: one ounce of bittersweet or semi-sweet chocolate, and half a tablespoon of granulated white sugar. Alternatively, you can mix one ounce of sweet dark chocolate with one ounce of white chocolate.
One ounce of Sweet German Chocolate: one ounce of bittersweet or semi-sweet chocolate plus half a tablespoon of granulated white sugar. Alternatively, you could just use one ounce of milk chocolate, as they are fairly similar in taste.
Three tablespoons of Dutch-processed cocoa powder: three tablespoons of natural, unsweetened cocoa powder and 1/8 teaspoon of baking soda.
Three tablespoons of natural, unsweetened cocoa powder: three tablespoons of Dutch-processed cocoa powder, 1/8 teaspoon of cream of tartar, and a dash of lemon juice or white vinegar. Alternatively, you can use one ounce of unsweetened chocolate and reduce the fat in a recipe by one tablespoon. Or, as a last resort, you can just use three tablespoons of carob powder.
Before and After Cooking Measurements
Cornmeal – 1 cup = 5/12 cups cooked
Macaroni – 1 cup = 2 cups cooked
Egg Noodles – 3 cups = 3 cups cooked
Quick Oats – 1 cup = 1 ¾ cup cooked
Rice, long grain – 1 cup = 3 cups cooked
Spaghetti – 8 oz = 4 cups cooked
Apples – 4 cups = 5 cups cooked
Apricots – 3 cups = 4 cups cooked
Peaches – 3 cups = 5 cups cooked
Pears – 3 cups = 5 cups cooked
Kidney, navy etc – 1 cup = 2 ¼ cups cooked
Apple – 3 medium = 2 ¾ cups diced/sliced
Avocado – 1 lb (8 to 12) = 2 ½ cups sliced
Banana – 1 lb (3 to 4) – 2 c sliced or 1 1/3 cup mashed
Lemon – 1 medium = 3 Tbsp juice
Carrots – 1 lb (6 to 8 med) = 3 cups shredded
Celery – 1 med bunch = 4 ½ cups chopped
Green Onion – 1 bunch = ½ c sliced
Green Pepper – 1 large = 1 cup diced
Onion – 1 medium = ½ cup chopped
Potato – 3 medium = 2 cups cubed